Bariatric Surgery Cuts Risk for Obesity-Related Cancers

Bariatric Surgery Reduces Risk of Obesity-Related Cancers

A New Study Reveals the Benefits of Bariatric Surgery

Obesity is a growing health concern, and it is associated with a higher risk of various diseases, including cancer. Several studies have shown that obesity increases the risk of developing certain types of cancers, such as breast cancer, colorectal cancer, and endometrial cancer. However, a new study suggests that bariatric surgery can reduce the risk of obesity-related cancers.

The study, published in the Annals of Surgery, analyzed data from over 22,000 patients who had undergone bariatric surgery between 2005 and 2016. The researchers compared the incidence of obesity-related cancers in these patients with that of a control group of over 66,000 obese individuals who had not undergone bariatric surgery.

The study found that patients who underwent bariatric surgery had a lower risk of developing obesity-related cancers than the control group. The risk reduction was most significant for endometrial cancer, with a 71{a71e702d8dd75cbe32444ad6fd3ab85fcf42dda4a9e89e7ffa9d236a5143b97a} lower risk in the surgery group compared to the control group. The surgery group also had a 33{a71e702d8dd75cbe32444ad6fd3ab85fcf42dda4a9e89e7ffa9d236a5143b97a} lower risk of colorectal cancer and a 42{a71e702d8dd75cbe32444ad6fd3ab85fcf42dda4a9e89e7ffa9d236a5143b97a} lower risk of breast cancer.

How Does Bariatric Surgery Reduce the Risk of Obesity-Related Cancers?

The study’s findings suggest that bariatric surgery may reduce the risk of obesity-related cancers through various mechanisms. One possible explanation is that bariatric surgery leads to weight loss, which can improve insulin sensitivity, reduce inflammation, and lower the levels of certain hormones that are linked to cancer.

Bariatric surgery can also reduce the production of bile acids, which have been shown to promote the development of cancer. Additionally, bariatric surgery can alter the gut microbiome, which has been linked to the development of cancer.

Implications for Cancer Prevention and Treatment

The study’s findings have important implications for cancer prevention and treatment. Obesity is a significant risk factor for several types of cancers, and bariatric surgery can reduce the risk of these cancers in obese individuals.

However, bariatric surgery is not a cure for obesity, and it should not be considered as a first-line treatment option. It is important to note that bariatric surgery is a major surgical procedure that carries risks, and it should only be considered after other weight loss interventions have failed.

In conclusion, the new study provides further evidence that bariatric surgery can reduce the risk of obesity-related cancers. However, more research is needed to fully understand the mechanisms underlying this risk reduction and to determine the long-term benefits and risks of bariatric surgery for cancer prevention and treatment.

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